Chapter 3 सार्वजनिक
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यदि कोई भगवद् गीता का सारांश यथार्थ रूप से समझने में सक्षम हो तो वह परम सत्य का अनुभव कर बंधन की भ्रान्ति व संसार के दुखों से मुक्त हो सकता है। अर्जुन ने भी महाभारत का युद्ध लड़ते हुए सांसारिक दुखों से मुक्ति प्राप्त की थी। भगवान श्री कृष्ण के द्वारा दिए गए दिव्यचक्षु के कारण ही यह संभव हो सका और इसी दिव्यचक्षु के कारण अर्जुन कोई भी कर्म बाँधे बिना युद्ध लड़ने में सक्षम बने और उसी जीवन में मोक्ष प्राप्त किया। This Satsang is conducted by Mona Mahajan Sharma. To connect us visit https://devotio ...
 
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This chapter expounds on the two kinds of human nature - the saintly and the demoniac. Shree Krishna explains that saintly nature develops in humans by cultivating the modes of goodness, following the instructions given in the scriptures, and purifying the mind with spiritual practices. Such behavior attracts daivī sampatti or godlike qualities, ev…
 
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(Verse 8) The Chhandogya Upanishad describes the impact of food on our personality. It says that the food we eat is divided into three parts. The majority of what we eat is rejected by the body. The second part is used to build the bones, muscles, skin, organs, and so on. The third part, the most subtle part goes into the antaha karana, comprising …
 
(Verse 3) Shri Krishna says that faith is according to one’s sattva. Here, sattva is not used in its traditional meaning as a guna like rajas and tamas. Sattva refers to our svaabhaava, our nature, the bundle of impressions that are stored in our inner instrument, our antaha karana, which is comprised of our mind, intellect, memory, and senses. Thi…
 
The theme of the sixteenth chapter is the analysis of divine and devilish qualities that are present in every human being. Shri Krishna points out that divine qualities are a stepping stone towards self-realization and liberation, but the devilish qualities are a slippery slope towards never-ending bondage and sorrow Shri Krishna explains that sain…
 
(Verse 23) Scriptures are the guide maps given to humans on the journey toward enlightenment. They provide us with knowledge and understanding. They also give us instructions on what to do and what not to do. Our scriptures are our manuals. Without following the manuals, we neither gain success nor attain happiness. Human life is especially meant f…
 
(Verse 21) Like a good teacher, Shri Krishna summarizes the entire chapter comprising the rather lengthy list of devilish qualities into three main ones: desire, anger, and greed. He says that we always need to watch out for these three qualities in our daily lives, and minimize them as much as possible. He calls them gateways into hell because the…
 
(Verse 11-12) The demoniac person, who has no faith in God or the Supersoul within himself, performs all kinds of sinful activities simply for a sense of gratification. He does not know that there is a witness sitting within his heart. The Supersoul is observing the activities of the individual soul. But one who is demoniac has no knowledge of Vedi…
 
(Verse 7) Dharma consists of codes of conduct that are conducive to one’s purification and the general welfare of all living beings. Adharma consists of prohibited actions that lead to degradation and cause harm to society. The demoniac nature is devoid of faith in the knowledge and wisdom of the scriptures. Hence, those under its sway are confused…
 
(Verse 4) Having supplied a long list of divine qualities, Now Shri Krishna begins listing the aasuri sampatti, the devilish qualities or demoniac natures. Asuras are portrayed as fearsome demons with long teeth and horns in comic books and TV shows. But the word asura means one who places a sense of enjoyment as his highest goal. Any ordinary-look…
 
The fifteenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita is Purushottama Yoga. In Sanskrit, Purusha means the All-pervading God, and Purushottam means the timeless & transcendental aspect of God. Krishna reveals that the purpose of this Transcendental knowledge of God is to detach ourselves from the bondage of the material world and to understand Krishna as the …
 
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(Verse 16) Shri Krishna says that there are two kinds of beings; the kṣhar (perishable) and the akṣhar (imperishable). All beings in the material realm are perishable, and those liberated are imperishable. (Verse 17) Amongst all the living entities, both conditioned and liberated, there is one supreme living personality, the Supreme Personality of …
 
The Supreme Lord is situated as Paramatma in everyone's heart, and it is from Him that all activities are initiated. We learned that ultimately, it is Ishvara that provides awareness, nourishment, food, and the power to absorb food as well as knowledge to all beings on this. Not only does He produce all of this, but He also consumes it as well. If …
 
The topic of the Jeeva is concluded in this shloka. with the message that only those with a pure mind and systematic study will truly understand the nature of the Jeeva as the eternal essence as though limited by its upaadhis or conditionings. Only those who are actually in the yoga system and have realized the self, the world, and the Supreme Lord…
 
In this verse, Krishna describes the qualities of that object which is attained - namely the spiritual world. As long as a living entity is in this dark material world, he is in conditional life, but as soon as he reaches the spiritual sky by cutting through the false, perverted tree of this material world, he becomes liberated. Then there is no ch…
 
In this shloka, the surrendering process is described very nicely. If one has to seek refuge in Ishvara, as per the previous shloka, what should be the qualifications of such a seeker? This complex and elaborate topic has been very nicely packed into one shloka by Shri Krishna. After this stage, one has to develop spiritual knowledge. One has to cu…
 
Lord Krishna speaks of the path to realize the all-pervading Supreme Being - the Absolute Truth that is Him. The path of detachment from a worldly life is the path to this divine pursuit. The worldly or the material world is compared to an imperishable ashwattha tree or fig tree. Paradoxically, however, this tree has its roots above, and branches b…
 
Krishna instructs Arjuna about the ultimate knowledge yoga masters have achieved. He explains he is "the seed-giving father" and that nature is "the womb." All beings come forth from the combination of the two. The three gunas - sattva, rajas, and tamas are based upon a person's disposition. The gunas keep the eternal Self-bound to the physical bod…
 
(Verse 20) How one can stay in the transcendental position, even in this body, in full Krsna consciousness, is explained in this verse. Although one is within this material body, by his advancement in spiritual knowledge he can be free from the influence of the modes of nature. . He can enjoy the happiness of spiritual life even in this body. (Vers…
 
(Verse 17) This shloka points out the self-reinforcing nature of actions and gunaas. If we consciously perform sattvic actions day after day, we will generate a greater proportion of sattva in our mind, which will further spur sattvic actions. This is the logic behind karma yoga. By urging us to perform selfless actions, Shri Krishna wants us to ri…
 
There is no physical entity without all these three dimensions – sattva, rajas, and tamas. Every person in this world is made up of three gunas - tamas, rajas, and sattva. Every person, irrespective of his level, has some tamas, some rajas, and some sattva. A person who has more Sattva is a spiritual person. The person who has more Rajas is a world…
 
(Verse 10) Shri Krishna now explains how the same individual’s temperament oscillates amongst the three guṇas. These three guṇas are present in the material energy, and our mind is made from the same energy. Hence, all three guṇas are present in our minds as well. Although there are these three modes of material nature, if one is determined he can …
 
(Verse 7) Shri Krishna now explains the working of rajo guṇa, and how it binds the soul to material existence. Shri Krishna describes its principal manifestation as attachment and desire. The way to break out of this is to engage in karma yog, i.e. to begin offering the results of one’s activities to God. This creates detachment from the world and …
 
The living entities conditioned by material nature are of various types. One is happy, another is very active, and another is helpless. All these types of psychological manifestations are causes of the entities' conditioned status in nature. How they are differently conditioned is explained in this section of Bhagavad-gita. The mode of goodness is …
 
The living entity, because he is transcendental, has nothing to do with this material nature. Still, because he has become conditioned by the material world, he is acting under the spell of the three modes of material nature. Because living entities have different kinds of bodies, in terms of the different aspects of nature, they are induced to act…
 
Shri Krishna concludes the chapter with two illustrations highlighting the existence and awareness, the sat and chit aspects of the supreme self. The key thing, however, is to orient or attach ourselves to the imperishable Ishvara, and to detach ourselves from identification with Prakriti, which is the storehouse of all action and diversity. You ar…
 
(Verse 30) In material consciousness, the ego makes us identify with the body, and thus we attribute the actions of the body to the soul, and think, “I am doing this…I am doing that.” But the enlightened soul perceives that while eating, drinking, talking, walking, etc. it is only the body that acts. Yet, it cannot shrug the responsibility for the …
 
The mind is pleasure-seeking by nature and If we follow the inclinations of our mind, we become degraded into deeper and deeper material consciousness. The way to prevent this downslide is to keep the mind in check with the help of the intellect. For this, the intellect needs to be empowered with true knowledge. Those, who learn to see God as the S…
 
(Verse 27) We now shift our attention from the nature of the “I” to the nature of the world. We may be able to experience our true nature as the saakshi, the witness, by true devotion or in deep meditation. Shri Krishna begins this topic by asserting that every other being in the universe has come into existence just like we have. There should be n…
 
Variety is the universal characteristic of God’s creation. No two leaves of a tree are alike; no two human beings have exactly the same fingerprints; no two human societies have the same features. Similarly, all souls are unique, and they have distinctive traits that have been acquired in their unique journey through the cycle of life and death. So…
 
Purusah, the Supreme Lord Krishna’s manifestation, is not limited to the body or the mind. He is Paramatma, the Supreme Soul, and he is upadrasta, the impartial witness, who by the will directs the operations of the physical body and approves the activities of all jivas, or embodied beings, that lead to both joy and sorrow in material existence. Th…
 
In verse (20) Now Shri Krishna describes how we fall into the trap of samsaara, the cycle of birth and death. In many respects, this topic is a continuation of the discussion of higher and lower Prakriti from the seventh chapter. Let us quickly recap …. We learned about two aspects of Ishvara, the lower and the higher. The lower nature comprises th…
 
Krishna the Supreme Person is present both in the spiritual and material world. Although He is far, far away, still He is near to us. We cannot see or understand Him with these material senses. But one who has purified his mind and senses by practicing Krsna consciousness in devotional service can see Him constantly. It is confirmed in Brahma-samhi…
 
The thirteenth chapter of the Bhagavad Gita is about Nature, the Enjoyer & the consciousness. The word kshetra means the field, and the kshetrajna means the knower of the field. We can think of our material body as the field and our immortal soul as the knower of the field. In this chapter, Krishna discriminates between the physical body and the im…
 
Shri Krishna ended the previous chapter with the message that Ishvara is in everything, and everything is in Ishvara. But since our senses see the world and not Ishvara, we need a way to constantly be aware of Ishvara’s presence. Till we get to a state where this happens effortlessly, Shri Krishna asks us to take up the path of bhakti or devotion, …
 
All the wonderful qualities of the celestial gods manifest in those who devote themselves to the Supreme Lord. (Verse 15) The devotee who considers everyone and everything as the play of Ishvara, including himself, has no reason to take anything personally. His sense of self is not the small ego that most of us consider as our “I”. He has identifie…
 
Verse (10) Those who cannot constantly remember God should practice simply working for Him. In whatever work they perform, they should cultivate the intention that they are doing it for the pleasure of the Lord. For example: In household life, a major portion of one’s time goes into the maintenance of the family. One should keep doing the same work…
 
Verse (8) Shri Krishna, in the next five verses (12.8-12.12) describes the various stages of bhakti, beginning from the highest stage described in this verse. He asks Arjun to do two things - fix his mind on God and also surrender his intellect to Him. “Captivity in Maya and liberation from it is determined by the mind. If it is attached to the wor…
 
It is explicitly stated here that the devotees are very fortunate to be delivered very soon from material existence by the Lord. In pure devotional service one comes to the realization that God is great and that the individual soul is subordinate to Him. His duty is to render service to the Lord-if not, then he will render service to maya. Such dev…
 
We find in this chapter that of the different processes for the realization of the Absolute Truth, bhakti-yoga, devotional service, is the highest. If one at all desires to have the association of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, then he must take to devotional service. The Lord declares that who-so-ever worships Him with supreme faith and singl…
 
To nurture and intensify Arjun’s devotion, Shri Krishna had described His divine vibhūtis (opulence) in the previous chapter. Towards the end, He had mentioned that all the beauty, glory, and power are just a spark of His immeasurable splendor. Hearing this, Arjun became curious. Shri Krishna concluded this chapter by instructing Arjuna on how to a…
 
Shri Krishna reveals the means by which we can access Ishvara’s cosmic form. “Ananya bhakti”, is the only means to access Ishvara. We have come across the term “Ananya” in prior chapters. It means that in which there is no “Anya”, no other. We should not be devoted to Ishvara so that we can get something else. The devotion should be for obtaining I…
 
The logic behind this verse (48)is very straightforward. Our physical eyes are made from matter, and hence all that we can see is also material. The Supreme Lord is non-material - he is divine. To have a vision of his divine form we need divine eyes. When God bestows his grace upon the soul, he adds his divine power to our material eyes, and only t…
 
Every plan is made by the Supreme Personality of Godhead, but He is so kind and merciful to His devotees that He wants to give the credit to His devotees who carry out His plan according to His desire. The plans of the Supreme Personality of Godhead are understood by His mercy, and the plans of the devotees are as good as His plans. One should foll…
 
Many of us sometimes think, what will happen if I stop working one day? Lest we attach undue importance to our actions and puff up our ego, Shri Krishna gives us a lesson in humility. He reveals that ultimately, it is he who is running the show. If he wants to do something, he will do it with whatever means available. Shri Krishna has revealed to A…
 
In the first verse of this chapter, Arjun recalls the root cause of his panic attack from the first chapter which is moha or delusion which caused confusion between his duty as a warrior and as a family member. He now says that his delusion has been dispelled. How did that happen? It is only because Shri Krishna revealed the knowledge of the self, …
 
The previous chapter revealed the science of bhakti or loving devotion to God. This chapter is about the yoga of understanding. In this chapter, Shri Krishna desires to increase Arjun’s bhakti by describing His infinite glories and opulence. He helps Arjun to meditate on God by reflecting upon His magnificence. Lord Krishna reveals that He is the s…
 
Arjuna had asked the question as to how he could know Ishvara. With this shloka, Shri Krishna has provided the answer. Shri Krishna gives us a simple suggestion. He says that anything that appeals to our mind and senses, any object or person that is endowed with grandeur, perfection, knowledge, and power, anything that inspires awe and wonder is Is…
 
Now Shri Krishna begins to conclude the teaching of this chapter. Having provided a long list of Ishvara’s divine expressions, he now gives us a simple formula to recognize him. He says that whatever we come across in the world, whether it is a living or a non-living entity, or whether it is moving or stationary, it has arisen from the seed that is…
 
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