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Machine learning and artificial intelligence are dramatically changing the way businesses operate and people live. The TWIML AI Podcast brings the top minds and ideas from the world of ML and AI to a broad and influential community of ML/AI researchers, data scientists, engineers and tech-savvy business and IT leaders. Hosted by Sam Charrington, a sought after industry analyst, speaker, commentator and thought leader. Technologies covered include machine learning, artificial intelligence, de ...
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Today, we're joined by Albert Gu, assistant professor at Carnegie Mellon University, to discuss his research on post-transformer architectures for multi-modal foundation models, with a focus on state-space models in general and Albert’s recent Mamba and Mamba-2 papers in particular. We dig into the efficiency of the attention mechanism and its limi…
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Today, we're joined by Amir Bar, a PhD candidate at Tel Aviv University and UC Berkeley to discuss his research on visual-based learning, including his recent paper, “EgoPet: Egomotion and Interaction Data from an Animal’s Perspective.” Amir shares his research projects focused on self-supervised object detection and analogy reasoning for general c…
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Today, we're joined by Sarah Bird, chief product officer of responsible AI at Microsoft. We discuss the testing and evaluation techniques Microsoft applies to ensure safe deployment and use of generative AI, large language models, and image generation. In our conversation, we explore the unique risks and challenges presented by generative AI, the b…
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Today, we're joined by Eric Nguyen, PhD student at Stanford University. In our conversation, we explore his research on long context foundation models and their application to biology particularly Hyena, and its evolution into Hyena DNA and Evo models. We discuss Hyena, a convolutional-based language model developed to tackle the challenges posed b…
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Today, we're joined by Andres Ravinet, sustainability global black belt at Microsoft, to discuss the role of AI in sustainability. We explore real-world use cases where AI-driven solutions are leveraged to help tackle environmental and societal challenges, from early warning systems for extreme weather events to reducing food waste along the supply…
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Today we’re joined by Fatih Porikli, senior director of technology at Qualcomm AI Research. In our conversation, we covered several of the Qualcomm team’s 16 accepted main track and workshop papers at this year’s CVPR conference. The papers span a variety of generative AI and traditional computer vision topics, with an emphasis on increased trainin…
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Today, we're joined by Sasha Luccioni, AI and Climate lead at Hugging Face, to discuss the environmental impact of AI models. We dig into her recent research into the relative energy consumption of general purpose pre-trained models vs. task-specific, non-generative models for common AI tasks. We discuss the implications of the significant differen…
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Today, we're joined by Christopher Manning, the Thomas M. Siebel professor in Machine Learning at Stanford University and a recent recipient of the 2024 IEEE John von Neumann medal. In our conversation with Chris, we discuss his contributions to foundational research areas in NLP, including word embeddings and attention. We explore his perspectives…
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Today we're joined by Abdul Fatir Ansari, a machine learning scientist at AWS AI Labs in Berlin, to discuss his paper, "Chronos: Learning the Language of Time Series." Fatir explains the challenges of leveraging pre-trained language models for time series forecasting. We explore the advantages of Chronos over statistical models, as well as its prom…
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Today we're joined by Joel Hestness, principal research scientist and lead of the core machine learning team at Cerebras. We discuss Cerebras’ custom silicon for machine learning, Wafer Scale Engine 3, and how the latest version of the company’s single-chip platform for ML has evolved to support large language models. Joel shares how WSE3 differs f…
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Today we're joined by Laurent Boinot, power and utilities lead for the Americas at Microsoft, to discuss the intersection of AI and energy infrastructure. We discuss the many challenges faced by current power systems in North America and the role AI is beginning to play in driving efficiencies in areas like demand forecasting and grid optimization.…
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Today we're joined by Azarakhsh (Aza) Jalalvand, a research scholar at Princeton University, to discuss his work using deep reinforcement learning to control plasma instabilities in nuclear fusion reactors. Aza explains his team developed a model to detect and avoid a fatal plasma instability called ‘tearing mode’. Aza walks us through the process …
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Today we're joined by Kirk Marple, CEO and founder of Graphlit, to explore the emerging paradigm of "GraphRAG," or Graph Retrieval Augmented Generation. In our conversation, Kirk digs into the GraphRAG architecture and how Graphlit uses it to offer a multi-stage workflow for ingesting, processing, retrieving, and generating content using LLMs (like…
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Today we're joined by Alex Havrilla, a PhD student at Georgia Tech, to discuss "Teaching Large Language Models to Reason with Reinforcement Learning." Alex discusses the role of creativity and exploration in problem solving and explores the opportunities presented by applying reinforcement learning algorithms to the challenge of improving reasoning…
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Today we're joined by Peter Hase, a fifth-year PhD student at the University of North Carolina NLP lab. We discuss "scalable oversight", and the importance of developing a deeper understanding of how large neural networks make decisions. We learn how matrices are probed by interpretability researchers, and explore the two schools of thought regardi…
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Today we're joined by Jonas Geiping, a research group leader at the ELLIS Institute, to explore his paper: "Coercing LLMs to Do and Reveal (Almost) Anything". Jonas explains how neural networks can be exploited, highlighting the risk of deploying LLM agents that interact with the real world. We discuss the role of open models in enabling security r…
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Today we’re joined by Mido Assran, a research scientist at Meta’s Fundamental AI Research (FAIR). In this conversation, we discuss V-JEPA, a new model being billed as “the next step in Yann LeCun's vision” for true artificial reasoning. V-JEPA, the video version of Meta’s Joint Embedding Predictive Architecture, aims to bridge the gap between human…
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Today we’re joined by Sherry Yang, senior research scientist at Google DeepMind and a PhD student at UC Berkeley. In this interview, we discuss her new paper, "Video as the New Language for Real-World Decision Making,” which explores how generative video models can play a role similar to language models as a way to solve tasks in the real world. Sh…
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Today we’re joined by Sayash Kapoor, a Ph.D. student in the Department of Computer Science at Princeton University. Sayash walks us through his paper: "On the Societal Impact of Open Foundation Models.” We dig into the controversy around AI safety, the risks and benefits of releasing open model weights, and how we can establish common ground for as…
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Today we’re joined by Akshita Bhagia, a senior research engineer at the Allen Institute for AI. Akshita joins us to discuss OLMo, a new open source language model with 7 billion and 1 billion variants, but with a key difference compared to similar models offered by Meta, Mistral, and others. Namely, the fact that AI2 has also published the dataset …
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Today we’re joined by Ben Prystawski, a PhD student in the Department of Psychology at Stanford University working at the intersection of cognitive science and machine learning. Our conversation centers on Ben’s recent paper, “Why think step by step? Reasoning emerges from the locality of experience,” which he recently presented at NeurIPS 2023. In…
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Today we're joined by Armineh Nourbakhsh of JP Morgan AI Research to discuss the development and capabilities of DocLLM, a layout-aware large language model for multimodal document understanding. Armineh provides a historical overview of the challenges of document AI and an introduction to the DocLLM model. Armineh explains how this model, distinct…
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Today we’re joined by Sanmi Koyejo, assistant professor at Stanford University, to continue our NeurIPS 2024 series. In our conversation, Sanmi discusses his two recent award-winning papers. First, we dive into his paper, “Are Emergent Abilities of Large Language Models a Mirage?”. We discuss the different ways LLMs are evaluated and the excitement…
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Today we’re joined by Kamyar Azizzadenesheli, a staff researcher at Nvidia, to continue our AI Trends 2024 series. In our conversation, Kamyar updates us on the latest developments in reinforcement learning (RL), and how the RL community is taking advantage of the abstract reasoning abilities of large language models (LLMs). Kamyar shares his insig…
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Today we’re joined by Ram Sriharsha, VP of engineering at Pinecone. In our conversation, we dive into the topic of vector databases and retrieval augmented generation (RAG). We explore the trade-offs between relying solely on LLMs for retrieval tasks versus combining retrieval in vector databases and LLMs, the advantages and complexities of RAG wit…
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Today we’re joined by Ben Zhao, a Neubauer professor of computer science at the University of Chicago. In our conversation, we explore his research at the intersection of security and generative AI. We focus on Ben’s recent Fawkes, Glaze, and Nightshade projects, which use “poisoning” approaches to provide users with security and protection against…
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Today, we continue our NeurIPS series with Dan Friedman, a PhD student in the Princeton NLP group. In our conversation, we explore his research on mechanistic interpretability for transformer models, specifically his paper, Learning Transformer Programs. The LTP paper proposes modifications to the transformer architecture which allow transformer mo…
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Today we continue our AI Trends 2024 series with a conversation with Thomas Dietterich, distinguished professor emeritus at Oregon State University. As you might expect, Large Language Models figured prominently in our conversation, and we covered a vast array of papers and use cases exploring current research into topics such as monolithic vs. mod…
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Today we kick off our AI Trends 2024 series with a conversation with Naila Murray, director of AI research at Meta. In our conversation with Naila, we dig into the latest trends and developments in the realm of computer vision. We explore advancements in the areas of controllable generation, visual programming, 3D Gaussian splatting, and multimodal…
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Today we’re joined by Ed Anuff, chief product officer at DataStax. In our conversation, we discuss Ed’s insights on RAG, vector databases, embedding models, and more. We dig into the underpinnings of modern vector databases (like HNSW and DiskANN) that allow them to efficiently handle massive and unstructured data sets, and discuss how they help us…
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Today we’re joined by Markus Nagel, research scientist at Qualcomm AI Research, who helps us kick off our coverage of NeurIPS 2023. In our conversation with Markus, we cover his accepted papers at the conference, along with other work presented by Qualcomm AI Research scientists. Markus’ first paper, Quantizable Transformers: Removing Outliers by H…
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Today we’re joined by Michael Kearns, professor in the Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania and an Amazon scholar. In our conversation with Michael, we discuss the new challenges to responsible AI brought about by the generative AI era. We explore Michael’s learnings and insights from the intersection of …
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Today we’re joined by Mike Miller, director of product at AWS responsible for the company’s “edutainment” products. In our conversation with Mike, we explore AWS PartyRock, a no-code generative AI app builder that allows users to easily create fun and shareable AI applications by selecting a model, chaining prompts together, and linking different t…
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Today we’re joined by Cody Coleman, co-founder and CEO of Coactive AI. In our conversation with Cody, we discuss how Coactive has leveraged modern data, systems, and machine learning techniques to deliver its multimodal asset platform and visual search tools. Cody shares his expertise in the area of data-centric AI, and we dig into techniques like …
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Today we’re joined by Kyle Roche, founder and CEO of Griptape to discuss patterns and middleware for LLM applications. We dive into the emerging patterns for developing LLM applications, such as off prompt data—which allows data retrieval without compromising the chain of thought within language models—and pipelines, which are sequential tasks that…
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Today we’re joined by Prem Natarajan, chief scientist and head of enterprise AI at Capital One. In our conversation, we discuss AI access and inclusivity as technical challenges and explore some of Prem and his team’s multidisciplinary approaches to tackling these complexities. We dive into the issues of bias, dealing with class imbalances, and the…
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Today we’re joined by Jay Emery, director of technical sales & architecture at Microsoft Azure. In our conversation with Jay, we discuss the challenges faced by organizations when building LLM-based applications, and we explore some of the techniques they are using to overcome them. We dive into the concerns around security, data privacy, cost mana…
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Today we’re joined by Richard Zhang, senior research scientist at Adobe Research. In our conversation with Richard, we explore the research challenges that arise when regarding visual generative AI from an ecosystem perspective, considering the disparate needs of creators, consumers, and contributors. We start with his work on perceptual metrics an…
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Today we’re joined by Heather Gorr, principal MATLAB product marketing manager at MathWorks. In our conversation with Heather, we discuss the deployment of AI models to hardware devices and embedded AI systems. We explore factors to consider during data preparation, model development, and ultimately deployment, to ensure a successful project. Facto…
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Today we’re joined by Yoshua Bengio, professor at Université de Montréal. In our conversation with Yoshua, we discuss AI safety and the potentially catastrophic risks of its misuse. Yoshua highlights various risks and the dangers of AI being used to manipulate people, spread disinformation, cause harm, and further concentrate power in society. We d…
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Today we’re joined by Miriam Friedel, senior director of ML engineering at Capital One. In our conversation with Miriam, we discuss some of the challenges faced when delivering machine learning tools and systems in highly regulated enterprise environments, and some of the practices her teams have adopted to help them operate with greater speed and …
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Today we’re joined by Riley Goodside, staff prompt engineer at Scale AI. In our conversation with Riley, we explore LLM capabilities and limitations, prompt engineering, and the mental models required to apply advanced prompting techniques. We dive deep into understanding LLM behavior, discussing the mechanism of autoregressive inference, comparing…
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Today we’re joined by Sara Hooker, director at Cohere and head of Cohere For AI, Cohere’s research lab. In our conversation with Sara, we explore some of the challenges with multilingual models like poor data quality and tokenization, and how they rely on data augmentation and preference training to address these bottlenecks. We also discuss the di…
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Today we’re joined by Luke Zettlemoyer, professor at University of Washington and a research manager at Meta. In our conversation with Luke, we cover multimodal generative AI, the effect of data on models, and the significance of open source and open science. We explore the grounding problem, the need for visual grounding and embodiment in text-bas…
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Today we’re joined by Alex Hanna, the Director of Research at the Distributed AI Research Institute (DAIR). In our conversation with Alex, we discuss the topic of AI hype and the importance of tackling the issues and impacts it has on society. Alex highlights how the hype cycle started, concerning use cases, incentives driving people towards the ra…
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Today we’re joined by Nataniel Ruiz, a research scientist at Google. In our conversation with Nataniel, we discuss his recent work around personalization for text-to-image AI models. Specifically, we dig into DreamBooth, an algorithm that enables “subject-driven generation,” that is, the creation of personalized generative models using a small set …
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Today we’re joined by Shreya Rajpal, founder and CEO of Guardrails AI. In our conversation with Shreya, we discuss ensuring the safety and reliability of language models for production applications. We explore the risks and challenges associated with these models, including different types of hallucinations and other LLM failure modes. We also talk…
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Today we’re joined by Roland Memisevic, a senior director at Qualcomm AI Research. In our conversation with Roland, we discuss the significance of language in humanlike AI systems and the advantages and limitations of autoregressive models like Transformers in building them. We cover the current and future role of recurrence in LLM reasoning and th…
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Today we’re joined by James Zou, an assistant professor at Stanford University. In our conversation with James, we explore the differences in ChatGPT’s behavior over the last few months. We discuss the issues that can arise from inconsistencies in generative AI models, how he tested ChatGPT’s performance in various tasks, drawing comparisons betwee…
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Today we’re joined by Sophia Sanborn, a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California, Santa Barbara. In our conversation with Sophia, we explore the concept of universality between neural representations and deep neural networks, and how these principles of efficiency provide an ability to find consistent features across networks and tasks.…
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