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In the next #By2 series, Saurabh and Pranay discuss three things. One, a solution for changing incentives of government companies without an outright sale of all assets. Two, the absolute joy of seeing and hearing Mars courtesy NASA’s Perseverance. And three, why mandatory corporate social responsibility provisions are counterproductive. इस एपिसोड …
 
Well-known journalist, author, and entrepreneur Chandran Bhan Prasad (@cbhanp) is on Puliyabaazi to discuss his latest book What is Ambedkarism?. Mr Prasad makes a case for capitalism as a way for achieving Dalit empowerment. In this episode, we also discuss Ambedkar’s ideas on dalit politics and economics. इस एपिसोड में हमने चर्चा की प्रसिद्ध पत्र…
 
Last few days witnessed two significant moves by radically networked societies. Retail investors rallied around a stock to take on a hedge fund management company in the US. Meanwhile, tweets by US celebrities on the ongoing farmer protests in northern India put the government on the defensive. So in the #By2, Pranay and Saurabh discuss how radical…
 
Economist Ronald Coase said that “If you torture the data long enough, it will confess.” With data being used in narratives all around us, this quote has never been more salient. So in this episode, Karthik Shashidhar (@karthiks) returns to Puliyabaazi to discuss some common pitfalls of data analysis and how to avoid them. आंकड़ों का सहारा लेकर कई स…
 
WhatsApp’s change in privacy policy attracted a lot of attention over the last couple of weeks. While some people migrated to Signal, most others ended up with all three -- WhatsApp, Telegram, and Signal -- on their phones. So in this #By2 episode, we discuss the narratives surrounding privacy in India. We also discuss if mandating interoperability…
 
Contrary to some notions that the Indian Constitution is as an elitist document far removed from the Indian populace, the document in fact profoundly transformed everyday life of ordinary Indians, in mostly desirable and sometimes unintended ways. In this episode, Pranay and Saurabh speak to Rohit De (@itihaasnaama) — author of A People’s Constitut…
 
In the first Puliyabaazi #By2 episode, Saurabh and Pranay take stock of the state of agriculture in India. Saurabh talks about his encounters with agricultural markets and horticulture farming in Karnataka. In the second section of the podcast, the hosts respond to listener questions. पुलियाबाज़ी #By2 श्रृंखला के पहले अंक में सौरभ और प्रणय एक बार फि…
 
After years of dilly-dallying, 2020 was the year when many states started working together to take on a common challenge: China. One such formation is the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad). Though established in 2008, it’s only over the last couple of years that the grouping has started engaging more fruitfully. In this puliyabaazi, Indrani Ba…
 
Narratives are all around us. Whether it's policy, politics, or the economy, the stories we tell and listen matter. In this Puliyabaazi, we discuss why narratives have the power to make the unreal real with economic historian and assistant professor at IIM Bangalore, Prateek Raj (@PrateekRaj_). आजकल “नैरेटिव” का बोलबाला है. हर कोई नए तरीकों से कहान…
 
What do the recent changes in agricultural laws mean for farmers? Will these changes unshackle the agricultural sector or do the problems lie elsewhere? We discuss these questions and more with Gunwant Patil, leader of the Shetkari Sangathana Movement and a farmer himself. आजकल चल रहे कृषि आंदोलन के क्या कारण है? क्या यह कानून कृषि क्षेत्र में समृद…
 
In this second and final episode on India’s banking system, we pick up some more interesting strands of India’s monetary history. We are joined again by Amol Agrawal (@mostlyeconomics), Assistant Professor at Amrut Mody School of Management, Ahmedabad University. In episode #75, Amol began with the Hundi system in India and ended at the nationalisa…
 
In this episode, political scientist and economic historian Rohit Chandra (@rohitreads) gives an account of business-state relations in India over the last two decades. In this wide-ranging conversation, we discuss trends of market concentration since 2014, the state of public sector units, small businesses, and the state of banking among other thi…
 
What’s the history of banking in India? Do bank deposits lead to bank loans or is it the other way around? Why did coastal Karnataka spring up so many private banks? In this episode, Amol Agrawal (@mostlyeconomics), Assistant Professor at Amrut Mody School of Management, Ahmedabad University, gives us a tour de force of the history of banking in In…
 
Even today, India’s armed forces largely conduct their operations in silos. It is for this reason that the Chief of Defence Staff position was created and specifically mandated to create integrated theatre commands that would allow systematic cooperation of all three forces in large numbers during war. So in this Puliyabaazi, we are joined by Lt Ge…
 
It’s rare to find a narration of earthshaking political events by a commoner of those times. That’s precisely why Vishnu Bhat Godse Varsaikar’s Maazaa Pravaas is special. This book provides an eyewitness account of the 1857 mutiny. In this puliyabaazi, we discuss a few counter-intuitive and lesser-known facts from that era based on Varsaikar’s acco…
 
Indian governments run hundreds of policies in the name of social protection. Given the adverse economic impact of COVID-19, the focus is back on these policies to provide some relief to the worst-affected. So this episode is all about understanding social protection policies better. Joining us is Saksham Khosla (@khoslasaksham), Associate Consulta…
 
This Puliyabaazi is a deep dive on the Hindi language - the origins, relationship with Urdu and Sanskrit, and about concerns over its imposition. We are joined by Abhishek Avtans (@avtansa), a linguist and lecturer of Hindi at Leiden University. Abhishek also gives a fascinating account of the politics of language in India. यह है पुलियाबासी पुलियाब…
 
Why is India’s foreign policy the way it is? What are the principles and interests underlying India’s relationship with the world? What influence has the colonial rule had over India’s foreign policy conduct? Listen in to this puliyabaazi on foreign policy with Dr Aparna Pande (@Aparna_Pande) to find out. Aparna is Director, Initiative on the Futur…
 
Between 1915 and 1941, Gandhi and Tagore wrote many letters to each other freely expressing viewpoints and often disagreeing with each other on core issues such as nationalism, charkha, reason, and swaraj. Eight decades later, these discussions are still relevant in understanding India better. Not only are the debates engaging, they are also a less…
 
Chinese Taipei. Republic of China. Taiwan. All refer to the same country that has stood up to the People’s Republic of China’s arrogance in recent years. So in this episode, we discuss all things Taiwan with Sana Hashmi (@sanahashmi1), Taiwan Fellow at the National Chengchi University and a scholar of Chinese Foreign Policy. In this conversation, w…
 
षि जिनपिंग-संचालित चीन के अहंकार को तोड़ने के लिए भारत के पास क्या विकल्प है? चीनी कम्पनी के ऐप्प बैन करने के कदम के क्या फ़ायदे-नुक़सान है? आर्थिक क्षेत्र में चीन से लड़ाई में कितनी समझदारी है? इन्हीं सवालों पर सुनिए पुलियाबाज़ी सौरभ और प्रणय के साथ| What are India’s options against the People’s Republic of China’s arrogance? What are the costs and ben…
 
In this episode, we spoke to Manoj Chandran (@manoj1chandran), CEO of White Swan Foundation — a not-for-profit organisation that offers knowledge services in the area of mental health. Manoj busts many myths about mental health, and illness. Going beyond the clinical aspects, Manoj talks about the role of individuals, society, and the state, in imp…
 
In this episode, we discuss India’s economic trajectory before, during, and after COVID-19 with Ajit Ranade, Senior Fellow at the Takshashila Institution. Ajit talks about the factors that derailed the Indian economy and suggests concrete actions that Indian governments can take to bounce back from the economic crisis. Listen in! इस एपिसोड में चर्च…
 
In this episode, we discuss how COVID-19 is likely to affect geopolitical and geoeconomic trends. Pranay and Saurabh discuss how the world might change due to the COVID-19 pandemic, how this new world order will affect India, the domestic policy reforms needed to prosper in this world, and India’s foreign policy outlook for a changed world. कोविड-1…
 
How and why do Indian political parties use digital platforms such as Twitter even though only a small percentage of the Indian population is on this platform? Is a techno-savvy image a bane or a boon for a politician in India? Are different social media platforms suited for different kinds of political uses? Listen to this Puliyabaazi with Joyojee…
 
Pavan Srinath (@zeusisdead) returns as a guest to discuss three key elements for overcoming Covid-19: testing strategies, vaccination development, and societal immunity. यह एपिसोड है कोविड-१९ का ख़ात्मा करने के लिए ज़रूरी तीन चीज़ों पर: टेस्टिंग, टीकाकरण, और इम्युनिटी| पवन श्रीनाथ (@zeusisdead) के साथ इस चर्चा में आपको मिलेगा उत्तर इन सवालों का: 1. कि…
 
How is it that Indian governments are good at conducting elections and organising Kumbh Melas but are terrible at maintaining public infrastructure? Why does the Indian State seem to be omnipresent and inadequate at the same time? These are some questions that ‘State Capacity’ literature deals with. So in this episode, we discuss insights on Indian…
 
Karl Popper once said “We are all philosophers; we all accept certain philosophical theories, if only unconsciously.” But what does the formal academic discipline of philosophy entail? How does a philosophical inquiry help us resolve some fundamental dilemmas in our minds? This is the focus of this puliyabaazi with Sushruth Ravish, research scholar…
 
The world is still trying to figure a way out of the coronavirus outbreak. So in this episode, we take a step back and discuss common epidemics in India — their reasons, cures, and preparedness. Joining us is Shambhavi Naik, a cancer biologist and fellow at Takshashila Institution’s Technology Policy Programme. वायरस क्या हैं और इतने घातक क्यों हैं…
 
Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, Extended Reality — these terms have been the town of the tech town for over half a decade now. So in this geeky episode, we discuss how these technologies are changing the world of entertainment and education. Joining us is Vineet Devaiah, Founder of TeliportMe, a virtual reality content company. V…
 
Street vendors are a quintessential part of Indian cities. Yet, their right to carry out their trade in public spaces is hampered by inherent class bias and state corruption. So in this episode, we speak to Prashant Narang, lawyer and Associate Director at Centre for Civil Society in Delhi. Prashant is the mind behind the Street Vendor Compliance I…
 
Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Michael Kremer won the Nobel Prize in Economics 2019 “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty”. This experimental approach — Randomised Control Trials (RCTs) — is an alternative paradigm for conducting economics research. Adopted from medicine, RCTs are arguably referred to as the ‘gold stan…
 
What does the future of electric vehicles and electric storage in India look like? Charging stations or battery swapping - which model is better for Indian conditions? What role can the government play to encourage this industry? We take stock of the EV revolution in India with Rahul Raj, co-founder of energy storage solution company, Inverted Ener…
 
2019 was a record-breaking one for Indian startups. Across sectors, companies raised more than $4 billion in venture capital last year. In fact, the first three quarters of 2019 alone witnessed the emergence of eight new unicorns (valuation > $ 1billion). So, in this episode, we take a close look at the world of venture capital which invests risk c…
 
The Preamble of the Indian Constitution has become a rallying point for lakhs of anti-CAA and NRC protesters across India. The preamble is being read out every single day on the streets of several cities. However, the Hindi version of the Preamble is hardly being read out, possibly because it uses ornate and archaic Hindi. So in this special episod…
 
In this episode, Saurabh and Pranay discuss how the Citizenship Amendment Act and National Register for Indian Citizens is likely to work on the ground. They also discuss the ways in which these moves will hurt the Indian national interest. ये नागरिकता संशोधन अधिनियम आख़िर है क्या? इसका NRC से क्या रिश्ता है? इसी विषय पर विस्तार से चर्चा इस पुलियाबा…
 
Energy security — what does it really mean? Can a country like India, heavily dependent on imports for its energy demands ever become energy secure? What are the global trends on oil, natural gas, nuclear, and renewable sources of energy? These are some themes we explore in this episode with Siddharth Singh @siddharth3, a climate change and energy …
 
The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria finally met its demise with the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi on October 26th. So in this episode of Puliyabaazi we take a look at ISIS, its recruitment methods, its use of technology, and its bureaucracy. We also discuss cases in the Indian sub-continent that claimed links with the ISIS. Joining us for this conv…
 
Puliyabaazi is fifty episodes old now! To mark this occasion, we return to discussing a foundational text. In this episode, we discuss insights from Nobel Prize laureate Daniel Kahneman’s classic Thinking, Fast and Slow. The work in this book was instrumental in creating a new discipline of economics known as behavioral economics. The central thesi…
 
In episodes 11 and 12 we discussed contemporary China from a political and economic angle. So this episode is about China’s society. We discuss the lived experience of an Indian in smaller cities of China and try to understand the similarities and differences in the two societies. Joining us for this Puliyabaazi is Sunny Mewati, academic director o…
 
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